Dasas of Planets (Grahas)
1. Maitreya said. O Venerable Maharishi Parashar! You are omniscient. There is no subject, with which you are not conversant. Therefore now please favour me with guidance about the different kinds of Dashas (periods) of the various Grahas.
2-5. Maharishi Parashar replied. O Brahmin! Dashas are of many kinds. Amongst them Vimshottari is the most appropriate for the general populace. But the other Dashas, followed in special cases, are Astottari, Shodshottari, Dwadashottari, Panchottari, Shatabdik, Chaturashiti-sama, Dwisaptati-sama, Shastihayani, Shat-trimshat-sama. Our ancients have described these different kinds of Dashas, based on Nakshatras.
6-11. O Brahmin! Some Maharishis have made a mention of Kala and Chakr Dasha, but they have recognized the Kala Chakr Dasha, as supreme. The other kinds of Dashas, propagated by the sages, are Char, Sthir, Kendr, Karak, Brahma Grah, Manduk, Shul, Yogardh, Drig, Trikon, Rashi, Panchswara, Yogini, Pind, Nausargik, Asht Varg, Sandhya, Pachak, Tara etc. But in our view all these Dashas are not appropriate.
12-14. Beginning from Kritika, the Lords of Dashas are Surya, Candr, Mangal, Rahu, Guru, Sani, Budh, Ketu and Sukr in that order. Thus, if the Nakshatras from Kritika to the Janm Nakshatr are divided by nine, the remainder will signify the Lord of the commencing Dasha. The remaining Dashas will be of the Grahas in the order, given above. In Kali Yuga the natural life-span of a human being is generally taken, as 120 years. Therefore Vimshottari Dasha is considered to be the most appropriate and the best of all Dashas.
15. The periods of Dashas of Surya, Candr, Mangal, Rahu, Guru, Sani, Budh, Ketu and Sukr are 6, 10, 7, 18, 16, 19, 17, 7 and 20 in that order.
16. To find out the remainder of the Dasha, operating at the time of birth, first find out the expired portion of the Dasha of the concerned Grah. This is done, as follows. Multiply the Dasha period of the Grah concerned by the period of the stay of Candr in Janm Nakshatr, that has expired and divide that amount by the total period of the stay of Candr in that Nakshatr. The figure in years, months etc. so arrived at will be the expired period of the Dasha. If this figure is deducted from the total period of the Dasha, we will get the balance of Dasha at the time of birth.
17-20. Maharishi Parashar said. O Brahmin, the sages have recommended the adoption of Ashtottari, when Rahu not being in Lagn, in any other Kendr, or Trikon to the Lord of the Lagn. From 4 Nakshatras from Ardra commences the Dasha of Surya, from 3 after that begins the Dasha of Candr, 4 after that will bring the Dasha of Mangal, 3 after that the Lord of Dasha will be Budh, 4 therefrom will have Sani, as the Dasha Lord, 3 thereafter the Lord will be Guru, Rahu will be the Lord of the Dasha 4 Nakshatras after that and then Sukr will take over the lordship of the Dasha 3 Nakshatras from the last one mentioned above. The Lord of the Dasha at birth will be determined by counting in this order up to the Janm Nakshatr. The duration of Ashtottari Dasha for Surya, Candr, Mangal, Budh, Sani, Guru, Rahu and Sukr are 6, 15, 8, 17, 10, 19, 12 and 21 in that order. Thus in this Dasha system only 8 Grahas play the role of Dasha Lords, Ketu having been denied this privilege.
21-22. The Dashas of the various Grahas have been specified above. In the case of malefic Grahas the Dasha span of one Nakshatr is ¼ of the Dasha of the Grah. It is 1/3rd in the case of benefics. Thus the expired portion of the Dasha is calculated, according to the method, followed for Vimshottari Dasha, by multiplying the Bhayat, i.e. the expired period of the stay of Candr in the Janm Nakshatr, by the Dasha portion of the Janm Nakshatr and dividing it by Bhabhog, i.e. the total period of the stay of Candr in the Janm Nakshatr. Then the balance of Dasha at birth can also be ascertained. If Uttarashadha happens to be the Janm Nakshatr, the duration of its first three Padas is taken, as Bhabhog and the Dasha calculations should be done accordingly. The Dasha and calculations for Abhijit Nakshatr are done by taking the 4th Pad of Uttarashadha plus the 15th part of the beginning of Shravan. For Shravan the Bhabhog would be the total of its duration in Ghatikas minus the 1/15th part of the beginning of Shravan.
23. It will be advisable to adopt the Shodshottari, if the birth is in the day in Krishna Paksh (dark half of the month), or at night in Shukla Paksh (bright half).
24-26. The Dasha may be adopted, when the Lagn is in the Hora of Candr with birth in the Krishna Paksh, or, when Lagn is in the Hora of Surya with birth in the Shukla Paksh. Count the number of Nakshatras from Pushya to the Janm Nakshatr. Divide this number by 8. The remainder will indicate the Dashas of Surya, Mangal, Guru, Sani, Ketu, Candr, Budh and Sukr. The Dashas of the above Grahas are of 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 years.
27-28. This Dasha system will be appropriate for one, whose Lagn is in the Navans of Sukr. Count from Janm Nakshatr to Revati. Divide this number by 8. The remainder will indicate the Dasha of the Grah concerned. The Dasha order is Surya, Guru, Ketu, Budh, Rahu, Mangal, Sani, Candr. The Dashas will be of 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19 and 21 years of the Grahas.
(29-30) This Dasha is considered suitable for those, whose Lagn is Kark and also in the Kark Dvadashans. Count from Anuradha up to the Janm Nakshatr and divide the number by 7. The remainder will indicate the Dasha. The order of the Dasha Lords is Surya, Budh, Sani, Mangal, Sukr, Candr and Guru. The Dashas of the Grahas are 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 years.
(31-32) This Dasha system has been considered appropriate, if Lagn is Vargottama. This happens, when Lagn in the Rashi Kundali and the Navans Lagn are in the same Rashi.
(33-34) Count from Revati to the Janm Nakshatr and divide this number by seven. The remainder will indicate the Lords of Dashas in this order: Surya, Candr, Sukr, Budh, Guru, Mangal and Sani. Their Dashas will be of 5, 5, 10, 10, 20, 20 and 30 years.
35-36. Chaturashiti-sama Dasha is considered appropriate in cases, where the Karm’s Lord is placed in Karm. Count from Swati to the Janm Nakshatr and divide this number by 7. The remainder will indicate the Dasha Lords in the following order: Surya, Candr, Mangal, Budh, Guru, Sukr and Sani. The Dasha period of each Grah is 12 years.
37-39. This Dasha system is considered suitable in cases, where the Lord of Lagn is in Lagn, or in Yuvati. Count from Mul to the Janm Nakshatr and divide the number by 8. The remainder will determine the Dasha Lords in the following order: Surya, Candr, Mangal, Budh, Guru, Sukr, Sani and Rahu. In this Dasha system all the eight Grahas have Dashas of 9 years each.
40-41. This Dasha may be adopted in cases, where Surya is posited in Lagn. The order of Dasha Lords in this system is, as follows: Guru, Surya, Mangal, Candr, Budh, Sukr, Sani and Rahu. The following shows the Nakshatras, falling under the various Dasha Lords. The Dashas of Guru, Surya and Mangal are of 10 years. The remaining Grahas have Dashas of 6 years each. Guru (Ashvini, Bharani, Kritika, Punarvasu), Surya (Rohini, Mrigashira, Ardra, U.Ashadha), Mangal (Pushya, Aslesha, Magha, Revati), Candr (P.Phalguni, U.Phalguni, Hast), Budh (Swati, Vishakah, Anuradha), Sukr (Jyeshtha, Mul, P.Ashadha), Sani (Abhijit, Shravan, Dhanishtha), Rahu (Shatabhisha, P.Bhadra, U.Bhadra).
42-43. Count from Shravan to the Janm Nakshatr and divide the number by 8. The remainder 1 etc. will indicate the Dasha Lords, whose order will be, as follows: Candr, Surya, Guru, Mangal, Budh, Sani, Sukr and Rahu. Their Dashas will be 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 years. If the birth is during the day and Lagn is in the Hora of Surya and, if the birth is at night and Lagn is in the Hora of Candr, adoption of this system would be preferable.
44-49. 5 Ghatikas before the sight of the semi-disk of the setting Surya and 5 Ghatikas after that and 5 Ghatikas before and after the rising of Surya, that is 10 Ghatikas in the evening and 10 Ghatikas in the morning, respectively. The total period of both these Sandhyas (twilight) is said to be 20 Ghatikas. The 20 Ghatikas of the night have been given the name Purna and the 20 Ghatikas of the day have been given the name Mugdha. The Sandhya at the time of sunrise is called Khanda and the Sandhya at the time of sunset is said to be Sudh. Both of these Sandhyas are of 10 Ghatikas each. If the birth is in Purna, or Mugdha, its past Ghatikas should be multiplied by 2 and the product should be divided by 15. The figure so arrived at should be converted into years, months etc. By multiplying it by the serial number of Surya and other Grahas in their normal order, we will get the Kaal Dasha of these Grahas. If the birth is during Sandhya, then its past Ghatikas should be multiplied by 4 and the product divided by 15. The figure so arrived at in terms of years, months etc. should be multiplied by the serial number of Surya and the other Grahas to get the Kaal Dasha of all the nine Grahas.
50-51. If the birth is at night, the Dasha will commence from Lagn Rashi. If the birth is during the day, the Dasha will start from the Rashi, in which the Lord of Lagn is placed. If the birth is during Sandhya, the Dasha will begin from the Rashi of the second Bhava. The Dasha of each Rashi is 10 years. As it is the Dasha system of the 12 Rashis in the Zodiac, it has been named, as Chakr Dasha.
52-53. Maharishi Parashar said. O Brahmin! Now, after making obedience to Lord Shiva, I shall describe the Kala Chakr Dasha. Whatever was related by Lord Shiva to Goddess Parvati, is being explained by me for the use of sages to be utilized for the welfare of the people.
54-55. By drawing vertical and horizontal lines, prepare 2 Kundalis, Savya and Apsavya, of 12 apartments (Kosthas) each. From the second Kostha in each Kundali fix the Rashis Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Kark, Simh, Kanya, Tula, Vrischik, Dhanu, Makar, Kumbh, Meen. Then Nakshatras may be incorporated in the manner, indicated hereafter. These Kundalis, indicative of the 12 Rashis, are called Kala Chakr.
56-58. Write Ashvini, Bharani and Kritika in the Savya Chakr and Rohini, Mrigashira, Ardra in the Apsavya. Then incorporate the three following Nakshatras, Punarvasu, Pushya and Aslesha in the Savya and Magha, Purvaphalguni and Uttaraphalguni in the Apsavya. Then incorporate the three following, Hast, Chitra and Swati in the Savya and Vishakah, Anuradha and Jyeshtha in the Apsavya. Then incorporate Mul, Purvashadha and Uttarashadha in the Savya and Shravan, Dhanishtha and Shatabhisha in the Apsavya. Finally incorporate the last three Nakshatras, Purvabhadrapad, Uttarabhadrapad and Revati in the Savya Chakr. Now there will be 15 Nakshatras in the Savya and 12 Nakshatras in the Apsavya, (because for the 12 Rashis there are 12 Padas of 3 Nakshatras, the Navansas). The Padas of Ashvini, Punarvasu, Hast, Mul, Purvabhadrapad, Kritika, Aslesha, Swati, Uttarashadha and Revati of the Savya should be reckoned in the same manner, as the Padas of Ashvini.
59. Now I shall describe in detail, how the Deha and Jiva should be reckoned in the Padas (quarters) of the Nakshatras.
60. In the first Pad of Ashvini Mesh is indicative of Deha (body) and Dhanu is indicative of Jiva (life). And the Lords of Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Kark, Simh, Kanya, Tula, Vrischik and Dhanu are Lords of the Dashas in the order, as described before.
61. In the second Pad of Ashvini Makar is Deha and Mithun is Jiva and the Lords of the nine Rashis from Makar to Mithun are Lords of the Dashas.
62. In the third Pad of the ten Nakshatras, beginning from Ashvini, Vrishabh is Deha and Mithun is Jiva. The Lords of the Rashis Vrishabh, Mesh, Meen, Kumbh, Makar, Dhanu, Mesh, Vrishabh and Mithun are Lords of the Dashas in that order.
63-64. For the 4th Pad of the 10 Nakshatras, beginning from Ashvini, Kark is Deha and Meen is Jiva and the Lords of the nine Rashis from Kark to Meen are the Lords of Dashas.
65. In the four Padas of the 5 Nakshatras, Bharani, Pushya, Chitra, Purvashadha and Uttarabhadrapad, Deha and Jiva are the same, as for Bharani.
66. In the first Pad of Bharani Vrischik is Deha and Meen is Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Vrischik, Tula, Kanya, Kark, Simh, Mithun, Vrishabh, Mesh and Meen are the Lords of Dashas in this order.
67. In the 2nd Pad of Bharani Kumbh is Deha and Kanya is Jiva and the Lords of Kumbh, Makar, Dhanu, Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Kark, Simh and Kanya are the Lords of Dashas in that order.
68. In the 3rd Pad of Bharani Tula is Deha and Kanya is Jiva and Lords of the Rashis Tula, Vrischik, Dhanu, Makar, Kumbh, Meen, Vrischik, Tula and Kanya are the Dasha Lords in this order.
69. In the 4th Pad of Bharani Kark is Deha and Kumbh is Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Kark, Simh, Mithun, Vrishabh, Mesh, Meen, Kumbh, Makar and Dhanu are the Dasha Lords in this order.
71-72. O Brahmin! I have thus given you the description of Savya Chakr. Now I shall give the description of Apsavya Chakr. Prepare a similar chart of 12 apartments and from the 2nd apartment onwards place the Rashis from Vrischik onwards in the reverse order. In this chart Deha and Jiva would be the same for Rohini, Magha, Vishakah and Shravan, as for Rohini.
73-76. In the first Pad of Rohini Kark is Deha and Dhanu is Jiva. The Lords of the Rashis Dhanu, Makar, Kumbh, Meen, Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Simh and Tula will be the Dasha Lords in this order. In the 2nd Tula will be Deha and Kanya the Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Kanya, Tula, Vrischik, Meen, Kumbh, Makar, Dhanu, Vrischik and Vrischik will be the Dasha Lords. In the 3rd Kumbh will be Deha and Kanya Jiva. The Lords of the Rashis Kanya, Simh, Kark, Mithun, Vrishabh, Mesh, Dhanu, Makar and Kumbh will be the Dasha Lords. In the 4th Vrischik will be Deha and Meen Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Meen, Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Simh, Kark, Kanya, Tula and Vrischik will be the Lords.
77. In the 4 Padas of the Apsavya Nakshatras Mrigashira, Ardra, Purvaphalguni, Uttaraphalguni, Anuradha, Jyeshtha, Dhanishtha and Shatabhisha the Deha and Jiva and the Dasha Lords will be the same, as for Mrigashira.
78-81. In the first Pad of Mrigashira Kark is Deha and Meen is Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Meen, Kumbh, Makar, Dhanu, Vrischik, Tula, Kanya, Simh and Kark will be the Dasha Lords in this order. In the 2nd Vrishabh is Deha and Mithun is Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Mithun, Vrishabh, Mesh, Dhanu, Makar, Kumbh, Meen, Mesh and Vrishabh will be the Dasha Lords. In the 3rd Makar is Deha and Mithun is Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Mithun, Simh, Kark, Kanya, Tula, Vrischik, Meen, Kumbh and Makar will be the Dasha Lords. In the 4th Mesh will be Deha and Dhanu Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Dhanu, Vrischik, Tula, Kanya, Simh, Kark, Mithun, Vrishabh and Mesh will be the Dasha Lords.
82. Maharishi Parashar said. O Brahmin! The description of the Deha and Jiva of the Padas of the Apsavya Nakshatras and the Dasha Lords is the same, as narrated by Lord Mahadeva to Goddess Parvati.
83. Maitreya said. O Venerable Maharishi Parashar! Now please guide me about the Dasha spans of the Dasha Lords, described by you. Please also demonstrate, how the commencement of the Dasha, its expired and the remaining periods at the birth are to be calculated.
84. Maharishi Parashar said. 5, 21, 7, 9, 10, 16 and 4 years are the Dasha spans of Surya, Candr, Mangal, Budh, Guru, Sukr and Sani.
85-86. The span of life of a person is determined from the Padas (Ansas) of the Nakshatr at the time of birth, or the time of query and the years allotted to the 9 Rashis, commencing from it (the Pad of the Nakshatr). Some sages are of the view, that the person will enjoy full span of life (Purna Ayu), if his birth is at the commencement of the Padas, will have middle span of life (Madhaya Ayu), if the birth is in the middle of the Padas and short span of life (‘Alap Ayu’), or will face death-like sufferings, if the birth is at the end of the Padas of the Nakshatr.
87-88. According to this principle, we should be acquainted with the Padas of the Nakshatras. Now I shall tell you, how the calculations are made, according to the proportion of the Padas of a Nakshatr. The number of Ashvini etc., whichever may be the past Nakshatras, should be divided by 3. Thereafter the remainder should be multiplied by 4. To the figure so made available the Pad of the present Nakshatr should be added. The product will be the Navans from Mesh onwards.
89. The number of years (Purna Ayu) are, as under. For the Ans in Mesh 100 years, in Vrishabh 85 years, in Mithun 83 years, in Kark 86 years. The number of years will be the same for Rashis, situated the 5th and 9th to them.
90-91. Multiply the past Ghatikas, Palas etc. of the Pad of the Nakshatr, in which a person is born, by the existing Dasha years and divide it by 15. The result will indicate the expired period of the Dasha in years, months etc. By deducting it from the total number of years allotted, we get the balance of Dasha at birth. The Dasha should be taken, as commencing from that Rashi.
92. Multiply the past Ghatikas, Palas etc. of the present Pad of the Nakshatr by the number of years and divide the product by the fourth part of Bhabhog. The years etc. so obtained may then be deducted from the total Dasha period. The result will be the balance of Dasha at birth in years, months etc.
93. The past Kalas (minutes) of the Navans, in which Candr may be placed, should be multiplied by the years, allotted to the Dasha and the product should be divided by 200. The resulting years etc. will be the expired portion of the Dasha. By deducting them from the total number of years the balance of the Dasha at birth is obtained.
94-95. In the Savya Chakr the first Ans is called Deha and the last Jiva. The opposite is the case in the Apsavya Chakr. Therefore the calculations should be based on the Deha etc. in the Savya Chakr and on the Jiva etc. in Apsavya.
We give below the Savya and Apsavya Kaal Chakr Charts. For Example. The birth is in Mrigashira 4th Pad. It is in the Apsavya Kaal Chakr. The Lord of Deha is Mangal and that of Jiva is Guru. The Bhabhog of Mrigashira is 59/31 (59 Ghatikas 31 Palas) and Bhayat is 58/15 (58 Ghatikas 15 Palas). ¼ of the Bhabhog comes to 14/52/44. That would be the value of one Pad. Multiplying this by 3 will get Ghatikas of 3 Padas, namely 44/38/15. Deducting this from Bhayat, the past Ghatikas, Palas etc. of the 4th Pad will be 13/36/45. The full Dasha years are 100. Multiplying this by 13/36/45 we get 1300/3600/4500 = 1361/15. This divided by 15 will give the expired period at birth, namely 90 years and 9 months. See the Kaal Chakr. There we count from Jiva etc. to Deha. In the 4th Pad of Mrigashira Jiva is in Dhanu and Deha in Mesh. Therefore, by deducting the total of years from Dhanu to Mithun, namely 77, from 90 years 9 months, we get the expired period of Vrishabh, namely 13 years and 9 months. By deducting this from the present 16 years of Sukr, we will get 2 years and 3 months, as the balance of Dasha at birth. Accordingly, like Vimshottari Dasha, the order of Dasha will be Vrishabh, Mesh, Dhanu, Vrischik etc.
For Example. Suppose, that at the time of birth of a person in Kritika Nakshatr the longitude of Candr (Candr Spast) is 1r4°50’. This converted into Kalas will be 2090 at birth. The Dasha should be taken, as commencing from that. Divide the Kalas by 800 (1 Nakshatr). The result will be the 2nd Nakshatr, namely Bharini and the remainder will be 490. These will be the past Kalas of Kritika. There are 200 Kalas in one Pad (Navans). Divide 490, the past Kalas of Kritika, by 200. We will then get 2, as past Padas and the remainder 90 will represent the past Kalas of the present Nakshatr. By multiplying this by 83, the Dasha years, we will get 7470, which, divided by 200, will indicate the expired portion of the Dasha, as 37 years, 4 months and 6 days. By deducting the years of Dehans, commencing from Vrishabh, in the order Vrishabh, Mesh, Meen, Kumbh (16+7+10+4 = 37), we will get 0 years, 4 months and 6 days. This will be the expired portion of Makar. Deducting this from 4, the Dasha period of Makar, we get the balance of the Dasha of Makar, namely 3 years, 7 months and 24 days. See in this connection the Savya Kaal Chakr.
Gati of Rashis in the Kaal Chakr
96-98. There are three kinds of movements (Gati) of the Rashis in the Kaal Chakr, namely Manduki, Markati and Simhavlokan. The movement of one Rashi by jumping over one Rashi is known, as Manduki Gati. Backward movement to the previous Rashi is called Markati Gati. The movement of a Rashi to the 5th and 9th Rashi is said to be Simhavlokan.
99-100. Movement from Kanya to Kark and from Simh to Mithun is Manduki Gati. Movement from Simh to Kark is Markati Gati. Movement from Meen to Vrischik and from Dhanu to Mesh is called Simhavlokan Gati.
Effects of Dashas of Rashis, as a Result of these Gati
101-102. The effects of the Dasha of the Rashis with Manduki Gati in the Savya Chakr are distress to friends, relations, parents and elders and there is likely to be cause for trouble from poison, weapons, thieves and enemies. In the Manduki Dasha of the Gati of a Rashi from Simh to Mithun there is the likelihood of the death of the mother, or self, trouble from Government and possibility of brain fever.
103. The effects of the Dasha of Rashi with Markati Gati in the Savya Chakr are loss of wealth, agricultural products and animals, death of father, or an elderly close relation and feeling of lethargy.
104-105. The effects of the Dasha of the Rashis with Simhavlokan Gati in the Savya Chakr are possibility of injury from animals, loss of amity with friends, distress to near relations, drowning in a well, fall from animals, possibility of harm from poison, weapons and diseases and destruction of residential dwelling.
106-108. In the Dasha of the Rashis with the Manduki Gati in the Apsavya Chakr the effects will be distress to wife and conditions, loss of children, possibility of feverish conditions and loss of position. In the Dasha of the Rashis with the Markati Gati there may be danger from watery places, loss of position, distress from father, punishment from Government and wandering in the forests; with the Simhavlokan there may be destruction of the dwelling and death of father etc.
109-111. If the movement is from Meen to Vrischik, the native may suffer from fever; if from Kanya to Kark, there may be loss of brothers and kinsmen; if from Simh to Mithun, there may be ill health of the wife; if from Simh to Kark, the native may die; if from Dhanu to Mesh, there may be death of uncles and similar relations. If the Rashi is yuti with a malefic, adverse conditions may be expected in the Dasha of the Rashi. Favourable effects will be felt in its Dasha, if the Rashi is yuti with a benefic.
112-113. O Brahmin! In the Kaal Chakr Dasha favourable and unfavourable effects may be predicted, after taking into account the directions of the Rashis and Grahas.
114-119. If the movement is from Kanya to Kark, good results are realized in places, located in the East and at that time journeys to the places in the North prove fruitful. Unfavourable effects will be felt in places, located in the West and the South. It will be advisable not to undertake journeys in those directions in the Dasha of these Rashis. If the movement is from Simh to Mithun, no journey should be undertaken to places, located in the East. However, the journeys to the South-West will prove fruitful in the Dasha of those Rashis. If the movement is from Kark to Simh, journeys during that period to the South will prove unfavourable and result in loss and the native has to return from the South to the West. If the movement is from Meen to Vrischik, there will distress, if the native goes to the North. The same would happen, if the movement is from Dhanu to Makar. There may be ill health, imprisonment, or death, if the movement is from Dhanu to Mesh. There may be gains, comforts and property and marriage, if the movement is from Dhanu to Vrischik. It will not be advisable to undertake journeys to the West during the related period, if the movement is from Simh to Kark. Favourable results should be predicted, if the Rashis are yuti with benefics and adverse, if the Rashis are yuti with malefics.
120-122. According to the above-mentioned Kaal Chakr, the person, born in the Ansas of the various Rashis, will be, as under. Mesh Ans brave and a thief, Vrishabh wealthy, Mithun learned, Kark king, Simh respected by king, Kanya learned, Tula minister, or adviser, Dhanu sinful, Kumbh businessman, Meen wealthy.
123-128. If the Deha, or Jiva Rashis are yuti with Surya, Mangal, Sani, or Rahu, the native will die. Worse results may be expected, if the Deha and Jiva Rashis are yuti with two, or all of them. If there is a malefic in Deha Rashi, the native suffers ill health; a malefic in a Jiva Rashi will make the native very timid. If the Deha and/or Jiva Rashi are yuti with two malefics, there will be distress and diseases. Three malefics in the Deha and/or Jiva Rashi will cause premature death. Four malefics in the Deha and Jiva Rashi will cause definite death. If both the Deha and Jiva Rashis are occupied by malefics, there will be fear from king and thieves and death of the native. If Surya is in the Deha, or Jiva Rashi, there will be danger from fire. Candr in the Deha, or Jiva Rashi will cause danger from water, Mangal fear from weapons, Budh fear from windy troubles, Sani fear from Gulma (a disease), Rahu and Ketu fear from poison. If the Deha, or Jiva Rashis are occupied by Budh, Guru and Sukr, the native will be wealthy, will enjoy all kinds of comforts and will have good health. Mixed results may be expected, if the Deha and Jiva Rashis are occupied by both benefics and malefics.
129-130. In the Dasha of the Rashis, owned by malefics, the body and soul will be in distress. The effects will be favourable in the Dasha of the Rashis, owned by benefics. If a malefic Rashi is occupied by a benefic Grah, or, if a benefic Rashi is occupied by a malefic Grah, the effects will be of a mixed nature.
Effects of Kaal Chakr Dasha of the Rashis in Lagn and other Bhavas.
131-132. In the Kaal Chakr Dasha of the Rashi in Lagn the body remains healthy and the native spends a life with many kinds of comforts. If the Lagn Rashi is a benefic one, the good effects are realized fully. If the Lagn Rashi is a malefic Rashi, there is likelihood of ill health. If a Grah in exaltation, or in its own Rashi occupies Lagn, the native is respected by the king, or government and acquires wealth.
133-134. In the Chakr Dasha of the Rashi in Dhan the native receives good food, enjoys happiness of wife and children, gains wealth, achieves progress in the educational sphere, becomes a clever conversationalist and moves in good society. If the Rashi be a benefic, good effects are realized in full, otherwise the effects would be of a mixed nature.
135-136. Happiness from co-borns, valour, patience, comforts, acquisition of gold, ornaments and clothes and recognition by the king, or government, are the effects in the Kaal Chakr Dasha of the Rashi in Sahaj. If the Rashi is a benefic, the good results are realized in full, otherwise adverse effects may also be experienced.
137-138. Good relations with kinsmen, acquisition of land, houses, or a kingdom, conveyances and clothes and enjoyment of sound health, are the effects of the Chakr Dasha of the Rashi in Bandhu. If the Rashi is a benefic one, the good effects are realized in full. If it is a malefic Rashi, adverse results are also experienced.
139-140. Being blessed with wife and children, favours from Government, enjoyment of sound health, good relations with friends, achievement of fame, good progress in the educational sphere, patience and valour are the effects of the Chakr Dasha of the Rashi in Putr. If the Rashi is a benefic one, the good results are enjoyed in full. If the Rashi is a malefic one, adverse effects are also experienced.
141-142. Danger from the king, fire and weapons and the possibility of suffering from diabetes, Gulma and jaundice are the effects in the Chakr Dasha of the Rashi in Ari. If the Rashi is a malefic one, the above adverse effects will be experienced in full. There will be some mitigation of the evil effects in the case of a benefic Rashi.
143-144. Marriage, conjugal happiness, being blessed with children, gain of agricultural products, cows and clothes, favours and recognition from the king and achievement of fame, are the effects in the Chakr Dasha of the Rashi in Yuvati. The beneficial results will be experienced in full, if the Rashi is a benefic one. Meagre good effects will be realized in the case of a malefic Rashi.
145-146. Destruction of a residential house, distress, loss of wealth, poverty and danger from enemies are the effects of the Chakr Dasha of the Rashi in Randhr. The adverse effects will be realized in full, if the Rashi is a malefic one. Some mitigation in evil effects may be expected in the case of a benefic Rashi.
147-148. Felicity in respect of wife, children, house, agricultural activities, performance of good and pious deeds, progress in religious inclinations and privilege of moving in the society of great religious leaders, are the effects in Chakra Dasa of the sign in the ninth house (Dharma Bhava). These of a benefic sign. Very meager good effects will be experienced in the event of the sign being a malefic one.
149-150. Acquisition of kingdom, recognition from the king, happiness from wife and children, success in ventures and performance of pious deeds are the effects in the chakra dasa of the sign in the 10th house. The good results will be realized in full in case of a benefic sign. If it is a malefic sign, the good effects will be few.
151-152. Felicity from wife, children and kinsmen, receipt of favors from government, acquisition of wealth and clothes and association with good people, are the effects in the Chakra Dasa of the sign in the eleventh house (Labha Bhava). The good effects will be enjoyed in full in the case of a benefic sign. Very little good will happen in the sign be a malefic one.
153-154. Failure in efforts and ventures, pain in the body, loss of position, poverty and unnecessary expenditures are the effects in the Kalachakra Dasa of the sign in the twelfth house (Vyaya Bhava). The adverse effects will be experienced in full in the case of a malefic sign. Some good may happen if the sign be a benefic.
155-156. Now I shall describe to you the Chara Dasa of the signs (Rasis) of the twelve houses. In this Dasa system the number of years of Dasa is reckoned from the Rasi up to the house in which its lord is posited. The peculiar feature of this system is that every three signs from Aries etc. have four padas. For the odd (1,3) padas, the counting is done from Rasi onwards up to the Rasi in which its lord is housed. For the even padas (2,4) this counting is done in the reverse order.
15. In this system Mars and Ketu are both lords of Scorpio. Similarly Saturn and Rahu are lords of Aquarius.
158-166. Now I will tell you about the working out of the Dasha years of Vrischik and Kumbh. If both the Lords of the two Rashis, Vrischik and Kumbh, are placed in their own Rashis, their Dasha will be of 12 years. Otherwise the Dasha will be of the number of years, indicated by the number, counted from that Rashi to the Rashi, occupied by its Lord. If one Grah be in his own Rashi and the other in any other Rashi, the Dasha will be of the number of years counted, from the above first Rashi to the other. If the Lords are in different Rashis, the counting is to be done up to the Rashi, which is stronger.
The Rashi, which has a Grah, placed in it, is considered more powerful than the Rashi without a Grah in it. If both are with Grahas in them, the one with more Grahas would be considered more powerful. If both Rashis are occupied by an equal number of Grahas, the strength of the Rashi itself should be taken into account. The principle for considering the Bal of the Rashi is, that the Fixed Rashi is considered stronger than the Movable one and the Dual Rashi is considered more powerful than the Fixed Rashi. If there is equality in the strength of the Rashis, then to determine the number of years of Dasha counting should be done up to the Rashi with bigger number. If one Rashi is occupied by a Grah in exaltation, the counting should be done up to that Rashi only. In addition 1 should be added in the number of years in the case of a Rashi with an exalted Grah and 1 should be deducted from the number of years in the case of a Rashi with a Grah in debilitation. The prediction should be made after calculating the Dashas in this manner.
167. If the Rashi in Dharm Bhava is in an odd Pad, the counting should be from the Rashi in the Lagn onwards. The counting would be in the reverse order, if the Pad is even. The Dashas of Rashis have to be fixed, keeping this in view.
For Example. In the above Tula is the Rashi in Dharm Bhava in an odd Pad. Amongst the Lords of Lagn, Sani and Rahu, Rahu is associated with a Grah. Therefore Rahu is more powerful than, Sani. Therefore counting should be done up to Rahu. Kumbh is in even Pad, therefore counting has to be done from Kumbh up to Rahu in the reverse order, by which the Char Dasha for Kumbh would come to 8 years. Mesh is in odd Pad. Therefore the Char Dasha for Mesh will be one year. The Dasha of other Rashis should be calculated in the same manner.
168-169. Maharishi Parashar said. Now I am going to describe the Sthir Dasha. In this Dasha system 7, 8 and 9 years are the Dasha spans of the Movable (Char), Fixed (Sthir) and Dual (Dvisva Bhava) Rashis. In this system the Dasha of the 12 Rashis begins from the Brahm Grah Ashrit Rashi. The Dashas are counted onwards from the odd Rashis and in the reverse order from the even Rashis.
170-173. Maitreya said. O great Sage! Now please enlighten me how the Brahm Grah is picked out in a chart. Maharishi Parashar said. From amongst the Lords of Ari, Randhr and Vyaya the Grah, who may possess the greatest strength and is placed in Lagn, or in Yuvati with strength, the one, placed in an odd Rashi within sixth Bhava from the Bhava concerned, is called the Brahm Grah. The Lord of Randhr in Randhr is also accepted, as Brahm Grah. If Sani, or Rahu/Ketu obtain Brahmatva (qualifications of Brahm Grah), they become Brahm Grah. If a number of Grahas obtain Brahmatva, the one with the largest number of degrees would become Brahm Grah. If there is parity in the degrees of such Grahas, the most powerful amongst them would become Brahm Grah.
174. The spans of Dashas of the Rashis in the Yogardha Dasha system are half of the total of the spans of Char and Sthir Dashas. The Dasha will commence from the Rashi of Lagn, or Yuvati, whichever is stronger. The order of the Dashas of the 12 Rashis will be counted onwards, if the opening Dasha Rashi is an odd one. If it be an even Rashi, the Dashas will be in reverse order.
175-176. In this system there are Dashas of Fixed Rashis in the Kendr etc. from Lagn, or from Yuvati, whichever is stronger. If Lagn, or Yuvati with strength is placed in an odd Rashi, the Kendr etc. are counted in the onward order. If it be in an even Rashi, the counting will be in the backward, or reverse order. In them also the Dashas would be in the order of comparative strength of the Rashis. The order of Dashas would be the same, as reckoned from the Atma Karak. The spans of Dashas would be the same, as they are in the Char Dasha. In calculating the years of Dashas of Grahas, counting is done from the Grah to his own Rashi. The years of Dashas would be the number, arrived at by counting up to the Rashi of the Grah, which is stronger, or more in number.
177. If a Grah owns two Rashis, the Dasha years will be equal to the number, which is greater, when counted from the Rashi, occupied by him.
Notes. Under this system Dashas are of two kinds, namely Lagn Kendradi and Atma Karak Kendradi. There are also Kendradi Rashi Dasha, or Kendradi Grah Dasha in both the Dasha systems, mentioned above.
178. The system, under which the first Dasha is of the Atma Karak and the subsequent Dashas are of the remaining 7 Karakas in their order is known, as Karak Dasha. In this system the Dasha years are equal to the number of Rashis, counted from Lagn up to the Karak concerned.
179-180. Under the Manduk Dasha system the Dasha commences from Lagn, or Yuvati Bhava, whichever is stronger. If the Rashi of commencement is an odd Rashi, the Dashas of 3 Movable, 3 Fixed and 3 Dual Rashis will be counted in the onwards order. They will be in the reverse order in the case of an even Rashi. In this system the Dasha years will be the same, as in Sthir Dasha. In this system every Dasha is of the next 3rd Rashi.
181-182. Some sages have designed the Shula Dasha for determining the time of death. In this system the Dasha commences from Dhan, or Randhr, whichever is stronger. If the Rashi is an odd one, the order of the Dasha Rashis will be onwards. It will be backwards in the case of an even Rashi. The Dasha years in this system are, as adopted for the Sthir Dasha. There is a possibility, that death appears in the Dasha of the Marak Rashi, which has greater strength.
183-184. In this system the first Dasha commences from the strongest amongst the Rashis in Kon (Trikon) to Lagn (Tanu, Putr and Dharm). This system is similar to the Char Dasha. Here also the Dashas of the Rashis will be in the onwards order in the case of odd Rashis and in the reverse order in the case of even Rashis. The Dasha years will be similar to that of Char Dasha. It has been named Trikon because of the commencement of the Dasha from the Rashis in Konas.
185-187. In this system the order of the Dashas is, as follows: the Rashi, occupying Dharm, the Rashis, receiving a Drishti from the Rashi in Dharm, the Rashi in Karm, the Rashis, receiving a Drishti from the Rashi in Karm, the Rashi in Labh and the Rashis, receiving a Drishti from the Rashi in Labh. As this system is mostly based on Drishtis, it has been named, as Dirga Dasha. Three different processes are adopted for the Movable, Fixed and Dual Rashis from Dharm, Karm and Labh. According to them, Rashi, which receives a Drishti from the Movable Rashi, is counted backwards and the Rashi, receiving a Drishti from the Fixed Rashi, is counted onwards. In the case of the Dual Rashi, if it is odd, the counting is onwards and the order is backwards in case of an even Rashi for the Rashis, receiving a Drishti.
188-189. In this system there are Dashas of all the 12 Rashis, including Lagn, in every Nakshatr. Consequently the Bhayat at birth may be multiplied by 12 and then the product should be divided by Bhabhog. The Rashi, degree etc. so available may be added to the longitude of Lagn. From the Rashi, becoming available by doing so, will start the Dashas of the 12 Rashis. (If that Rashi is odd, the counting will be onwards. It will be in the reverse order, if the Rashi is even).
190. For finding the balance of Dasha at birth, multiply the expired degree etc. by the Dasha years of the first Dasha Rashi and divide it by 30. The years etc. so arrived at may be deducted from the Dasha years. The result will indicate the balance of Dasha at birth in years, months etc.
Panch Swar Dasha
191-194. Beginning from Akaradhi 5 Swaras (a, i, u, e, o), write underneath them the Varnas in 6 lines. Leave out the letters ‘na’, ‘ña’ and ‘na’, because they are not used in names. If they are found in any name, ‘ga’ may be substituted for ‘na’, ‘ja’ for ‘ña’ and ‘da’ for ‘na’ for working out the Dashas and making predictions. In this manner the Swar, under which the first Varna of the name of the native is found, will determine the order of the Dashas of the five Swaras. Dashas are of 12 years for all the five Swaras. In the Dasha of every Swar there will be Antar Dashas of all the five Swaras in the same order.
195-199. Maharishi Parashar said. O Brahmin! I have already given you the description of Panch Swar Dasha. Now I will acquaint you with the Yogini Dasha, as described by Lord Mahadeva. There are 8 Yoginis, namely Mangal, Pingal, Dhanya, Bhramari, Bhadrika, Ulka, Siddha and Sankat.
Candr, Surya, Guru, Mangal, Budh, Sani, Sukr and Rahu are born from them. Add 3 to the Janm Nakshatr and divide it by 8. The remainder will indicate the Yogini Dasha of Mangal, etc. The Dashas are of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 years. The balance of Dasha at birth should be worked out from the Bhayat and Bhabhog etc., as already explained earlier.
Pind, Ans and Nisarg
200-202. The Pind, Ans and Nisarg Dasha will be the same, as Pindayu, Ansayu and Nisargayu, the method of determination of which has already been explained previously. The order of Dashas will be, as follows. The first will be of Lagn, Surya, or Candr, whoever is stronger. The subsequent Dashas will be of Grahas in Kendr to them, then of Grahas in Panaphara Bhavas and lastly in Apoklima Bhavas. The Dashas and Antar Dashas of Lagn and the seven Grahas will also be in the same order.
203. The effects of these Dashas will be in accordance with Ashtak Varg Bal, which subject will be dealt with later. These Dashas are also called Ashtak Varg Dashas.
204. Sandhya is the Dvadashans Ayurdaya of the Param Ayurdaya (maximum possible life-span). In Sandhya Dasha the Dasha of all the Rashis from Lagn onwards is of 1/12 the years of Param Ayurdaya.
Pachak Dasha in Sandhya Dasha
205-206. By multiplying the Dasha years of Sandhya Dasha by 6 and dividing the product by 31, the years, months etc. so arrived at may be put in one apartment of a Table. Thereafter half of these years, months etc. may be written in the next three apartments. The remaining 8 apartments may be filled in by one third of the aforesaid years, months etc. In this manner Pachak Dasha in Sandhya Dasha of every Bhava can be worked out and predictions may be made from it.
207-209. O Brahmin! Some sages have given consideration to Tar Dasha, which is like Vimshottari. In this Dasha Janm, Sampat etc. in their order replace Surya, Candr etc., placed in Kendras. This Dasha is applied in those cases only, where there are Grahas in Kendras. If there are a number of Grahas, the first Dasha will belong to the strongest amongst them.
210. O Brahmin! I have now completed the description of the different kinds of Dashas. I will give the description of their Antar Dashas (sub-periods) later.