Over the years of my Jyotish journey, I have realized that Srinkhala is a very important concept and also one of the least understood and least used concepts in Jyotish analysis. I struggled to find any classical references to it or even a small commentary on it over the internet. However, I was disappointed. Over the Yahoo groups, many people have asked me to explain what ‘Srinkhala’ is whenever they see me using this term in my analysis/comments on a chart. Hence, I decided to put together my understanding of this for the benefit of other students of Jyotish.
‘Srinkhala’ in Sanskrit literally means ‘Chain’ that is made up of ‘links’. The terminology is very apt as it is really a chain made of three or more planets (links) that can be seen in astrological charts. And this chain is not an open ended one, it is always closed ended forming a loop. To put it very simply, Srinkhala is a younger sister of Parivartana. Parivartana is a better known concept and yet not effectively used in delineating charts. There is not much difference in delineating a chart using either Parivartana or Srinkhala. There are two main differences between them – 1. Parivartana is stronger than Srinkhala, 2. Parivartana involves only two planets and Srinkhala involves more than 2 planets. For example if in a chart, if Venus occupies Sagittarius and Jupiter occupies Libra, it is said that Venus and Jupiter are in Parivartana occupying each others signs. This is understood by most students of Jyotish. Extending this concept further, consider that Venus is in Sagittarius, Jupiter is in Scorpio and Mars in Libra. Here, Venus is disposited by Jupiter which is disposited by Mars which disposited Venus, closing the loop of a chain of dispositions. This is Srinkhala involving three planets – Venus, Jupiter and Mars. If two planets are in Parivartana, it is as good as they are closely conjunct and also the two houses they occupy also get connected to each other through this energy bond. And, both the planets also influence their own sign (that is part of Parivartana) through this bond. Probably, in a Srinkhala of three planets, one could consider that all the three planets aspect each other as the strength of the bond between planets gets reduced with the addition of one more planet. And, all the planets influence their own sign as well like in Parivartana, possibly to a lesser extent.
To compare the strengths of Parivartana and Srinkhala, one could give an analogy of a couple in love. Parivartana is analogous to the couple, the two planets having a strong bond between them. Srinkhala comes into picture when one more member gets added to the family (say they get a lovely child). Now, it is a family of three closely knit together. However, the intensity of bond between the members has reduced now as it has to be shared with one more member (assuming that the resources are limited and strength of each bonding with any member is the same). When one more member is added to this family, the bond though exists between members, gets weakened further. Hence, if the strength of the bond in Parivartana is 100, the strength of the bond in a three planet Srinkhala is 50, the strength of the bond in a 4 planet Srinkhala is around 33 and the strength of the bond in a 5 planet Srinkhala is 25. Hence, it is best to consider only a 3 planet Srinkhala in a chart for delineating purposes; and ignore the same if there are more planets involved as the effect of Srinkhala is not considerable.
The concept could probably be better understood though an example. Following is a chart of Roger Federer, a Tennis Champion. He is born in a small city called Basel in Switzerland. This Rasi chart has a Srinkhala between three planets, namely Sun, Moon and Venus.
The houses involved in Srinkhala are 1st, 3rd and 12th. Hence, one can see an excellent co-ordination between his hands and legs making him a great Tennis player, very difficult to beat.
The three planets Sun, Moon and Venus will behave as if they are placed in their own signs. Hence, they should be considered as strongly placed in the chart as Sun loses its blemish of being placed in the 12th, and Moon loses the blemish being approaching its point of deepest fall.
As Lagna lord Sun is strongly connected to two female planets, a touch of femininity could be seen in his looks. That might also add to his high emotional quotient.